A Brief Introduction to Legislation

Legality refers to the legal status of legislation. It may refer to the procedure by which the legislation is passed or made law, or the formal procedure by which it is published in the Official Gazette. After the promulgation of a piece of legislation by the legislature, the procedure of making it law is known as legislation. While it is still under deliberation, only formally referred to as a proposed law, before an article of legislation is made law it can be called a proposed bill. A further development which occurs after a law is made law is referred to as revision.

Legislation may be general in nature or confined to certain specified subjects. When it concerns general legislation, such as the Income Tax Act, every citizen has the right to propose bills for amendments to such laws. If the bill is passed and becomes law, then the concerned citizens are entitled to apply for compensation under the scheme created under the legislation. The procedure for compensation for an affected individual, whether by way of personal injury or any other cause, is known as an amendment.

On the other hand, when it comes to a limited area, such as the Criminal Law, there is a prescribed procedure for proposing, monitoring, and controlling the criminal penal code. But the right to propose, monitor and control the criminal penal code is limited to members of the legislative body responsible for the area. For instance, when a crime is committed, there must be some sort of investigation before a law is made. The investigating authority, which is the police, is the one who investigates crimes and makes a report based on the facts that are gathered during the investigation.

There are three common categories of legislative bodies in India. First is the legislature itself, which is formed by an elected constituent assembly – the House of Representatives and the Senate. The state legislature also consists of the Speaker of the lower house, the members of the lower house and the governor. Under the federal system, the supreme court consists of nine judges and the chief justice of India takes judicial notice of all proceedings within the state.

There is another category of legislative body, which is commonly known as the legislature which is empowered by the constitution to pass laws which are required to be enacted by the legislature and to make laws which are necessary for the implementation of the constitution. There is another set of legislature called the tribunals which have the power to hear cases and determine the guilt or innocence of a person. There are various other legislations which are empowered by the constitution and are passed by the legislature to implement various laws. But, generally, these are general legislations such as maintaining a free health service, taxation, registration of marriages, adjudication of disputes, registration of wills, criminal laws, divorce laws, etc.

It is the role of a representative to introduce bills in the Houses of Parliament for consideration and to make recommendations to the government regarding bills. Each House of Parliament may have two members for debating and voting. The quorum required for a House of Parliament to sit is six members and any member present may speak on any issue. Once a bill is passed by the Houses of Parliament it is referred to the appropriate committees for further consideration. If the government feels that the bill is not suitable, then it may request the House of Parliament for a supplementary committee to study the bill and report to the government.