Criminal Defense Lawyers Vs Civil Law Attorneys
Criminal law is the area of criminal law that deals specifically with criminal behavior. It prohibits conduct perceived to be dangerous, threatening, or otherwise harming the property, welfare, and security of individuals or group of individuals. In most cases, criminal laws are designed to protect the public from conduct that would constitute a significant threat to the public’s safety. Some of the most common categories under which criminal laws can be found include felonies, misdemeanors, and crimes involving violence, including homicide and other serious offenses.
Felonies are punishable by a prison sentence of more than a year; some states allow for the possibility of parole while others do not. A felony is an offense that is punishable by a prison term of more than a year. Almost all states have a felony conviction and punishment provision, which generally include: confinement in jail, a fine, loss of license, probation, and registration as a convicted criminal. However, some states allow for the possibility of a dismissal or deferred sentence for certain felony convictions. Some felonies, such as those involving sex crimes, are punishable by life imprisonment.
A misdemeanor is a crime against the state or the United States that has no potential prison sentence. This category of crime typically involves an amount of time less than a year. Misdemeanors are punished by a fine only. Most states allow for the possibility of probation for those who have a prior criminal history. If a defendant rejects probation, he is subject to a criminal procedure referred to as an “alternative sentencing program.”
The most severe classification of criminal law is felonies, which include offenses like murder, arson, rape, theft, DUI, assault, and several other felony-related crimes. These crimes are punishable by sentences of more than a year in prison. The penalties for most felony crimes increase with a conviction. Many crimes, including felonies, are considered “white collar” crimes, which carry much lighter sentences than other types of crimes. However, white collar crimes such as fraud and embezzlement carry very significant sentences.
Felonies and other white collar crimes are subjected to different Constitutional protections than crimes that occur within the criminal law system. The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to trial by impartial judges. The Fifth Amendment guarantees the right to a private trial within the confines of the home. The Fourteenth Amendment establishes a constitutional right to be tried by the jury, with no public trial, if the defendant is found guilty.
Unlike criminal law, the federal government has a limited ability to punish individuals for crimes. Punishment is limited to federal crimes with Federal jurisdiction, including bank robbery and tax evasion. Neither the federal government nor the states have the authority to imprison individuals who have not been convicted of crimes in the criminal process. Neither the federal government nor the states have the authority to impose life imprisonment or extraordinary prison sentences.