Criminal law is a body of criminal law which deals with criminal behavior. It specifically prescribes act defined as dangerous, menacing, threatening, or otherwise detrimental to the society, health, safety, or moral well-being of individuals, in addition to one’s own self. Criminal behavior can be categorized as violent, non-violent, unlawful, or constructive. There are various crimes that fall under criminal behavior and include rape, murder, manslaughter, burglary, arson, embezzlement, assault, hit and run, vehicle theft, petit larceny, robbery, burglary, conspiracy, solicitation, burglary, torture, and false imprisonment. In some states there are several offenses that overlap or are categorized under more than one category of criminal behavior.
Crimes are punished by the forms of punishment allowed by law. Commonly, punishment for crimes includes incarceration in jail, paying heavy fines, performing community service, probation, parole, and rehabilitation. Each criminal law case is tried under its own laws and procedures in order to bring justice to an action.
Sentencing guidelines govern the process of bringing criminals to justice. Federal law provides for minimum sentencing guidelines, thus if the crime is minor, punishment may not exceed a year in jail. Serious crimes, especially felonies, are punishable by sentences of more than 10 years in jail. There are two main sentencing guidelines applicable in all states and the rules regarding aggravation and disposition apply only to state crimes. If the elements of a crime are proven, then a conviction will be achieved. There are three types of sentencing guidelines: life imprisonment, death sentence, and imprisonment with or without parole.
On the federal level, there is no freedom on speech and people are not permitted to express any opinions regarding matters considered to be criminal. The federal criminal law strictly prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, age, or any other such characteristic. People are also protected from false allegations, statements made under torture, and from those who falsely testify in a criminal case.
The United States has a system of laws that governs criminal law deals with crimes against humanity. These include murder, rape, arson, theft, assault, drunk driving, fraud, and kidnapping. Capital offenses are those that carry the highest penalty, while lesser offenses are dealt with at a lesser charge. Capital offenses are punishable by the death penalty, while lesser crimes are treated as misdemeanors. People who have been accused of committing a capital crime are automatically sentenced to death row. However, if a death sentence has already been carried out, the accused can still request a retrial.
In instances when someone is accused of committing a crime, it is very important to have an effective lawyer to represent him or her. The lawyer should be an experienced professional with proven track record in defending clients who have been accused of criminal activities. Capital crimes require complex processes that call for high level of expertise and guidance from a criminal defense lawyer. A good attorney can help ensure that the suspect does not flee from justice.