Laws, as defined by Wikipedia, “are the arrangements, guidelines, or procedures that a nation’s government makes to ensure that people are free to engage in certain lawful activities”. In simple terms, laws are regulations that nation states are necessary for the maintenance of a social order or for the protection of individuals’. However, laws can also be descriptive, pointing out patterns of behavior. A number of fields of law are involved in the definition of laws, including ethics, sociology, political science, public law and legal theory. There are two common ways in which laws are defined: politically, as means of public policy, and legally as regards individual behaviour.
Jurisprudence is the study of legislation. Jurisprudence is the area within the legal systems of a country of human actions and their consequences. Jurisprudence is not law but is part of the body of law known as ‘jurisciastic’. Jurisprudence includes aspects of civil procedure such as divorce, marriage, divorce proceedings and issues governing right of inheritance. It also includes common law jurisdictions such as corporate law, property law, criminal law, family law, civil procedure and family law.
Criminal law is the body of law which governs crimes and their punishment. Criminal law is different from civil law in that it involves the state against private citizens, with the state using the power of imprisonment to prosecute criminals. The state uses the criminal law courts to put criminals to trial and to apply the punishment prescribed by the law. Criminal law deeply influences the lives of all people, especially the members of the jury who are responsible for determining the guilt or innocence of suspects in a criminal case.
Property law is the body of law that authorizes the sale, rental, transfer and ownership of real property. Private property comprises residential real estate and commercial real estate. Real property includes personal property owned by individuals, families and corporations. Civil law is the branch of criminal law that deals with issues such as civil negligence, breaches of contract, and wrongs done to another person, group or organization.
The laws governing McDonald’s are vast and have far reaching consequences for those who are accused of any crime related to the restaurant industry. For example, all California seafood companies must abide by a set of environmental laws that were enacted by the California State Legislature and signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown. These laws were designed to protect the health of the seafood consumers as well as promote healthy environmentally friendly business practices by businesses in the state. The laws regarding these seafood companies were created after massive food recalls and other food scares that occurred at local restaurants. One such scandal involved live shrimp that was being stored at a high enough level above the water table in some restaurants and was eventually found dead in a local pond.
As you can see, both environmental and health issues are crucial to those who own or operate McDonald’s restaurants in California. In addition to complying with California state and local laws, the company must also pay close attention to federal and international laws. In particular, the McDonald’s International Agreement regulates how the company operates its restaurants internationally and its involvement with the environment.