Family Law – The Different Areas Of Practice
Family law is a specialized area of the civil law that concerns primarily with domestic relationships and family matters. It is also called family law, family courts, or family affairs law. Family issues can involve divorce, adoption, child custody, alimony, division of belongings and assets, legitimacy of marriages and divorces, and more. In the state of Texas, family law is a part of the Civil Courts Act. Family law can be found in all fifty states of the United States and is considered one of the most important branches of the legal system.
Because family law addresses so many important issues regarding family relationships, it often requires a long period of court hearings and often expensive litigation. Family law attorneys work with individuals and families to resolve disputes concerning domestic relationships, adoption, property division, inheritance, alimony, division of property, child custody and juvenile delinquency. Many times family law cases end up being settled outside the court because most disputes can be settled amicably without having to go to trial. Settlements may include joint ownership of a house or shared custody of a child or children if both parties agree.
Divorces and marriages can be divided by family law. When two people are married and there is a difference of opinion as to how their marriage should be terminated, or when one of the spouses moves out of the home and doesn’t inform the other spouse that they are dating, then the marriage can be considered void and the couple may decide to end the marriage rather than get a divorce. Another common case in family relationships is when one of the partners has a criminal past and may not be able to give support to the other. Or perhaps, one of the partners has made some disparaging comments about the other. In these cases, if the court does not resolve the matter legally, then the couple may decide to end the relationship and avoid a potentially contentious divorce. When family law comes to the table, it may very well determine who gets custody of a child, whether the couple is ever divorced, and other aspects of family relationships.
Every legal system will have a different way of resolving family issues, but in most cases the family court will accept the recommendation of a family mediator. In divorce cases, the court will accept the recommendation of a family mediator who will look at all of the factors that influenced the marriage to determine if the marriage can be saved. If a divorce is decided in the courtroom, the court will use all of its legal resources, such as the police, tax records, and any other public records that may be available to help it make its decision. In other situations involving economic incidents that threaten a marriage, or where domestic violence is a problem, the family court may appoint an attorney who is designated to represent the plaintiff in the event that the plaintiff is unable to appear in court.
Family law is not limited to the legal practices of divorce and marriage. Many family relationships have problems within them and are explored within the family law practice. These include prenuptial agreements, child custody and visitation rights, alimony, spousal support, property settlement, and other issues that affect a couple’s relationship and their children. Divorce, separation, marriage, and dating all require the expertise of family law practitioners.
Although family law deals mainly with marriage and divorce, it is important to remember that the practice does not end when the parties reach a conclusion about their relationship and decide to end it. Children may arise through a relationship and be involved in a divorce case at some point. Additionally, a couple may engage in a relationship and later realize they do not wish to be joined legally. These may arise out of a domestic dispute or a crime or other reason outside of marriage. Whatever the reason may be, the legal system will continue to take care of these situations and will work to ensure that all of their rights are protected.