Legislation – An Introduction

Legisitimacy refers to the authority given to specific legislation by a legislative body or an authoritative authority. The procedure for making laws is called legislating, which can be broadly described as the procedure by which a proposition is brought before the people and established as law by them. Prior, to an article of legislation being law it can be called a bill, while further more it can be referred to as a proposal, if it remains under discussion and is not law.


For enacting a piece of legislation, both houses of the legislature have to agree in order for it to come into effect. In order for a bill to be passed into law, two-thirds of both houses have to concur in its making. This is known as the quorum and if the requisite number of members present at the voting session is not present, then the legislation will not pass into law. There are two methods through which bills can be made into law, they can be passed with or without the votes of the Houses, the choice being made by the executive branch.

The procedure for making laws is known as the legislative process, this being the only instance when the legislature acts together. All the members of the legislature get to vote on each resolution that is put up for debate in the Houses. This is a guarantee that the legislation will pass into law because there is no chance that a majority of the legislature might abstain from voting for a resolution. The usual way in which legislation is made into law is by signing it into a journal called the journals of the legislature. Every general rule that is applicable to legislation applies to the journal of legislation, which is issued after each of the legislation is passed.

The legislation also refers to the various regulatory frameworks imposed by the state on people in different capacities. These regulatory frameworks have different concepts and their definition is determined by the state in which the legislation is passed. A few of these regulatory frameworks are imposed by federal governments, while many others are imposed by the state governments. A few of these distinctive concepts of legislation are incorporation of personal jurisdiction, proportional sharing of powers, sovereign immunity, exclusive legislation, absolute jurisdiction over matters of state, exception to the ordinary law of certain classes of persons and the establishment of a presumption of attorney-general.

Legislation has different aspects as regards its nature, scope and legislative functions. Legislation that impacts on the lives of ordinary people, for instance in the sphere of health care, education, housing, financial matters, social welfare, regulation of industries are included in the ambit of legislation. On the other hand, legislation that govern major economic activities and the financial system like taxation, insurance, banking, bond market, securities, credit risk management and supervision is called economic legislation. Regulations that affect the functioning of the central administration and the formulation and implementation of public policies are called administrative legislation. Special legislation that affects the operation of a particular profession or sector is termed as ethical or professional legislation. A special issue is a separate body of legislation that has been created either for moral, social or environmental reasons.

The legislatures are generally elected. The terms of legislature usually overlap those of the members of the legislature. New laws are introduced in the Houses of Parliament (house of representatives) on the recommendation of the speaker of the house. For adoption of certain laws, consent is required from the members of the legislature and subsequent to the adoption of the law, it is notified in the Official Gazette.