Session Laws – What Is A Session Law?
Law is a legal term referring to the rules that govern society. Legality refers to the conformity of conduct with the rules. Legislation is the procedure or product of enacting, prescribing, or legally promulgating legislation by a legislature, provincial or equivalent governing body, or a court.
The jurisdictions in which laws are enacted and enforced are divided into two categories: common law and constitutional law. In the United States, the system of laws established by constitutional law is referred to as constitutional law. The systems of laws that were derived from the common law are referred to as common law, while those that are commonly referred to as constitutional law are considered as laws of power. This article studies the difference between statutory law and common law.
Statutory laws are laws that are implied from the Constitution or the acts of a sovereign state. For instance, the United States Constitutional amendments process requires legislation to be passed by both houses of Congress before it becomes part of the Constitution. Each house has a role in the formulation of statutory laws. As the Constitutional framers designed the U.S. government system to prevent and limit executive authority, legislative body of the legislature plays a significant role in the formulation of statutes. Statutory laws must pass both Houses of Congress and be published in the record before they become a part of the Constitution.
Common law governs the legal system in the states, including the U.S. states. Although the Constitution vests the power of legislative bodies with the U.S. Supreme Court, this Court has no authority to enact laws. Such enactments become law when they receive judicial review. Unlike the legislative process, the judicial review does not depend on the action of the legislature. A review is required only if the government has exceeded the powers conferred upon it by the Constitution. The decisions of the lower courts become law when they are upheld by the highest court of the land – the U.S. Supreme Court.
In addition to state governments, many other jurisdictions have their own legislative systems. These legislatures normally adopt their own civil codes as well. Many times these legislatures have concurrent laws with the federal government regarding criminal justice matters. Criminal justice is a growing concern for many people who feel that the courts do not fairly handle cases that involve individuals accused of crimes.
The U.S. Congress passes both House and Senate session laws. Session laws, which are bills that are brought into the session, get passed out of session in the U.S. Senate and into the House of Representatives. A session bill cannot be transferred to another department or to another level of government until it receives final passage in both houses of the legislative body responsible for it. Therefore, any time a piece of federal legislation is being passed through either House of Congress, it must first receive advice and recommendations from both Houses.