Legislation is an act of legislation passed by either chamber of a legislative body or legislature. It is a legislative act that makes certain legal obligations to individuals, organizations, and other entities and offers protection to rights, privileges, and properties. Legislation generally refers to general laws such as laws on property, divorce, criminal justice, and taxation. However, there are some special types of legislation that are not general laws. They are called substantive laws.
A primary piece of legislation is the bill. A bill is a document drafted and introduced to the members of a legislative body or legislature. It contains information on the subject of the legislation and is introduced by members of the assembly. Bills are committees of representatives of various individuals or groups who have the responsibility of investigating and studying issues. Bills are introduced in both houses of the legislature for consideration and debate before they are passed into the legislative assembly for final adoption. The procedure for introducing a bill is known as ‘bills’ Introduction’ and it occurs at the same time as the adoption of a resolution known as ‘a resolution to be carried out’.
After the introduction of a bill, it is referred to a committee which is responsible for examining the merits of the bill. This committee may include members of the house of representatives, the governor, the attorney general, and other officers responsible for exercising the legislative power. The committee hearings on legislation take place in the session of the legislative body and are televised throughout the state. When a legislative body is dissolved or when one member of the legislature steps aside to take care of certain affairs, the remainder of the legislative process occurs automatically through the replacement of the member who stepped aside.
Legislation is further divided into two forms: legislative acts and regulations. A legislative act is a legally binding body of law that affects the rights, privileges, and properties of individuals and other entities. It is also called a law because it acts as a constitution for the country. Each legislature normally has one act that creates an administrative body and another act that create a civil code. A civil code is a body of law that governs how the administration and the functioning of the state are conducted.
General laws are a type of legislation that deal with the protection of rights, privileges, and properties of individuals and other entities. It is also known as legislation that grants authority to an individual, a corporation, or a government agency. General laws are necessary to create the bodies of law that affect the relationship between states and the people within the state. It is for the benefit of all citizens to have a general law book that they can refer to for guidance and for information regarding specific laws. The most general type of law is the constitution law.
Each level of the legislature usually passes legislation that are required to be enacted into laws. These legislations, which are typically enactments, become part of the general laws. As such, each of these legislations become important documents in the country. Legislation that has been passed and became part of the constitution is called statutory law. Statutory laws have to pass two tests before becoming part of the constitution, these tests being that they must be enacted by the state and that they must be necessary for the public welfare.