Law is the formal process or legal product of enacting, signing, or legalizing legislation by a legislature, executive government, or comparable governing authority. There are many levels and types of legislation. Some laws create public policies, while others enforce private contracts. Some nations refer to certain laws as “compulsions” while others reserve the right to change or abolish laws at any time. In the United States, Congress usually authorizes laws and the courts usually interprets, limits, and reviews them.
In order for a law to be enacted into law, it must be passed by both houses of the legislature. Each house may vote to pass, disapprove, or uphold the law. The President also has the authority to sign laws that are deemed necessary by executive branch agencies, except that he may not sign any law which carries costs or penalties for filing. There are two types of legislative bodies in the United States: the legislative branch and the judicial branch.
Legislative Legislation is not enacted into law until it is passed by both houses of a legislative body at the same point in time. Every bill passes through both chambers at the same point and is subject to the same procedure at the same point in time. The only exception to this rule is if a single house adopts a new statute at a different point in time than the other house. For instance, if a majority of members of a legislative body passes a resolution, it is required for that resolution to be passed by the House and Senate at the same point in time before it can be sent to the states for execution. The same principle applies to amendments to existing laws.
Judicial Legislation occurs under the judicial branch. Every law which is not an Act of Congress is the product of the judicial branch. Many laws that have been deemed necessary by the United States Supreme Court are derived from judicial decisions. The statutory laws that have been consolidated into compilations are examples of judicial legislation.
There are two types of Legislation. enacted acts – these are actually acts which become part of the law and are ordered by the United States Congress. Presidential directives and rule makings to become part of the statutory laws. There are other types of Legislation which are not Acts of Congress but have been enacted by the United States Congress. These are “revenues” laws, which increase governmental revenues and are not part of any act of Congress.
There are many types of laws. There are hundreds of legislations annually. This means that every year there is a new type of legislation to deal with all sorts of legal issues. It is up to the courts to interpret these laws and apply them within their jurisdictions. Amending laws is only one step in the legislative process.