What Are the Goals and Objectives of the Law and Justice?
The law is legislation made and implemented by governmental or civic institutions to regulate conduct, with its exact definition subject to ongoing debate. It is usually defined as an ethical code or a body of knowledge concerning the conduct of human activity in the public interest. It is used to provide protection and is sanctioned by law to guarantee specific rights. It is also used as an instrument of control over the state and acts as an important device for guaranteeing certain goods or services and is therefore a system of reciprocal obligations. It is an area of social concern affecting individuals, associations, organizations, and the state.
Law is a word that has a number of interpretations. The common meaning of the word law is civilized order, an institution established by common consent for the benefit of human beings. It is a body of knowledge developed over time to assure and ensure the fulfillment of a basic human right – the right to life. It is commonly associated with government regulation and action. The other major meaning of the word law is an obligation, a body of law designed to protect moral and social interests. A court of law is an instance of the application of law.
The most traditional definition of law is found in the works of Sir Alfred Thakeray and Sir Edward Coke, two English lawyers and essayists, who each spent a significant amount of time discussing and writing about law and its various definitions. According to them, the law is a body of knowledge developed over time to guarantee and protect rights. For example, freedom of speech is defined as an individual’s right to speak, and its infringement may be punished by law. According to these authorities, the three elements of the definition of law are power, speech and justice. Power is commonly understood to include legislative, judicial, and other forms of authority.
Other interpretations of law definition include the following. In regards to the philosophical meaning of the term law, it is seen to be a body of knowledge developed over the course of history by those who are recognized as possessing the highest levels of intellectual attainments and who seek to understand the world and its workings. Justice, on the other hand, is understood to be impartial, objective and universal; it is supposed to be just, although it is influenced by gender, race, class, age, or any other social classification. Law and justice are therefore seen to be interdependent, and to be related in particular through the role they play in our society.
A more specific explanation of the meaning of laws is that all laws are “natural laws” – that is, rules that were generally accepted and understood prior to the coming into existence of man and are present in their current form because of the natural laws which they were derived from. According to this interpretation, justice is nothing but the orderly operation of society and of its government, which are guided by natural laws that were passed down to serve the general welfare of all society. The elements of justice include freedom, equality, trust, honesty, safety, and respect. They are also related to truth, just compensation, and freedom.
According to the most popular version of the definition above, justice is the consistent reality that everybody equally enjoys within the parameters of a society. This definition is thus the most inclusive one, as it regards the concept of justice as it applies to the general principles that govern the functioning of society. It therefore renders justice a meaningless concept, since no one including government officials, judges, lawyers, soldiers, laborers, or other public officials could ever possibly enjoy unlimited rights as provided by such principles. In a similar vein, the definition of laws as the consistent reality that people uniformly benefit from is also rendered meaningless by this same criterion.