What Is a Private Bill?
Law is the procedure of rendering it or formally legislating it. Before any article of law becomes law it can be called a bill, and can be further broadly known as “law” or “acts”. In legal terms the term laws is used to designate the formal enactments of laws which are made by the legislative authority or at the request of the legislature. There are different types of legislations such as civil law, criminal law, the executive law and justice system. Each type has legislations that are distinct and have different legal consequences.
A law is a rule that has legal force and validity and has effect in various circumstances. The legislature passes legislation through both Houses of the legislature for the support of the public and administration. When a question arises in the court or there is some situation that requires the institution of some legislation, the legislation is said to have taken judicial notice. Judicial notice means that the legislature has intended to take judicial notice of some situation. The legislature is supposed to take notice of all circumstances and this implies taking notice of some situations before they happen; for instance, when a person is arrested or injured in some way.
A private bill is a piece of legislation that is passed in the session of a legislative body with the support of the House of representatives and the Senate. The process for introducing private bills is also much like that of the introduction of other private bills in the Houses of the legislature. The first step in the introduction of a private bill is for the sponsor or co-sponsor to make oral remarks on the private bill. After hearing the sponsor or co-sponsor, the members of the house of representatives take one vote to approve or disapprove of the private bill. If the private bill is passed with a majority of the votes, the sponsor or co-sponsor is formally notified that his/her bill has been passed into law.
Private bills, unlike the legislation introduced by the Houses of Parliament, cannot be introduced or passed into law by the Houses of Congress. The reason behind this is that it is not an equal division of the power between the Houses of Congress and the executive and the private sector. Since only the legislature can introduce laws, the members of the Houses of Congress need to have a super-majority in the house. Since private bills are not subjected to the same scrutiny as the legislations of the Houses of Congress, there is great freedom to change or delete information in the private bill. It is very difficult to alter or delete information in the case of the private bills.
There is also the difference between private and federal legislation. Federal legislation must have been passed by both houses of the legislature for it to be considered as an official law. Federal legislation, although not private in nature, can affect private entities. Federal legislation may not necessarily take the form of a private bill.
Private bills introduced in the Houses of Parliament are subject to cross-legislature. This means that the legislation has to be passed through both chambers of the legislature before it is made into a private bill. This ensures that the interest of all the constituents are well represented in the legislature. A private bill which is passed through both Houses of Parliament has to be approved by the governor general before it becomes law.