What Is Statute Law?
Legislation is essentially the legal process or product of legally enacting, formally enrolling, or formally promulgating legislation by a legislative assembly, legislature, or comparable governing body. The legal text of legislation generally consists of the preambles, preamble, and body of law. The enacting or approval of the legislation also constitutes the substantive part of legislation. It may be in the form of an act, a single line or provision, a resolution, a rule or any other procedure. There are various types of legislation in the US such as civil law, penal law, bankruptcy law, and corporate law.
In some jurisdictions, there are common procedures for incorporating statutes into local government processes. Some jurisdictions have systems of incorporation wherein a proposition is proposed by a majority of voters at a primary election; if approved, it will then be submitted to a vote of the governing body at its general meeting. If the proposition is passed, the governing body will determine how the act is to be carried out and commence to work.
Most jurisdictions use “short title” as the term for the entire text of the law, including all sections except the end. The “short title” is referred to as the “originally prescribed by law.” The term “section” in that instance refers to the specific point within that body of law where the regulation or Act begins. A “particular point” refers to the point within the short title that governs the subsequent development of that section’s subject matter.
Every legislative act and regulation must undergo three fundamental stages during the legislative process in the United States – review by the appropriate regulatory agency, submission to the jurisdiction, and adjudication. The relevant statutory law varies significantly by state, although most jurisdictions allow for judicial review by the state supreme court. In addition, there are two fundamental ways in which members can influence state legislation. Members can ensure that state laws follow suit with respect to a particular issue by requesting specific state bills to be passed. Alternatively, they can prevent state legislation from ever becoming legislation by voting against the initiative.
While it is true that legislation exists to serve a public purpose, the process through which legislation becomes law is much more complex than simply determining if a law was intended to have effect. A legislature may pass a statute that has both public and private purposes, or a legislature may pass a piece of legislature that has both public and private consequences. For instance, a statute enacted to prevent discrimination on the basis of race may have ramifications beyond that objective and thus become a lawful matter if taken judicial notice. Similarly, legislation intended to protect the environment from environmental harm may also be considered a lawful matter if taken judicial notice.
To learn more about the nature of statutes and legislative instruments, you should consult a study guide on state laws and statutes. There are guides available online that allow you to download a complimentary copy to study at home. Other guides exist that enable you to access hundreds of state acts and statutes at once. Another excellent resource for looking up statutes is Your legislations: A Guide to State Governmentacts. These guides help you learn about the function of Acts in the United States government as well as the various types of legislative instruments such as bills, resolutions, executive orders, regulations, administrative rules, court rulings, and other important state documents. As the volume of state acts and statutes continues to grow, it is essential to know what you are doing when dealing with state legislation.