What is the Difference Between Legislation and Statutes?
Law is the body of rules and regulations developed by governments and made legally binding to guarantee individual rights. It also aims to protect the society from breaches of public obligations. Legality is determined by the nature of the legislation, where it was introduced, the extent of its coverage, and the formal mechanism through which it was enacted. For instance, a legal text introduced in a constitutional assembly must be drafted by members of that body, and cannot be affected by the decisions of other bodies.
Legislation is not a part of the body of law but rather a body of law or practice that can be considered as having legal force. In most countries, legislation is adopted through statutory law. Statutory law is the body of law that contains substantive legislation affecting the entire State. The legislature may adopt, make changes, or amendments to statutory law during the course of legislative sessions. If these changes or amendments are not approved by the Houses of Parliament, they are not formally changed.
A legislatively adopted piece of legislation becomes law when it is adopted by the Houses of Parliament for execution by the executive and judicial branches of the government. Once it becomes law, every clause of the law is interpreted as having effect under the law in force. A legislature may adopt certain texts or sentences in the constitution, statutes, and other legislation for the purposes of rule of law. However, once these texts become part of the constitution, it is difficult for any legislature to change such texts or sentences. Thus, once the text becomes law, any changes in the constitution are deemed to be subject to amendments in the course of statutory sessions.
Legally speaking, legislation exists to address the needs of citizens in their day-to-day lives. Legislation is considered to be part of the body of law when it is created, passed, and implemented by governmental agencies. State and federal legislation cannot be considered to be part of the body of law until they have been enacted into legislation by the governments of the States and the Federal Government.
Statutory laws can be referred to as legislative acts. These legislative acts compile and regulate all the laws that have been passed by the Houses of Congress and the Senate since the Constitution was created. Some examples of Statutory laws include the Internal Revenue Code, the IRS Regulations, several concurrent statutes, the Department of Education’s Office of Family Services, the Social Security Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Controlled Substances Act, and the Food Drug and Cosmetics Act. Other examples of Statutory laws include the rules and regulations regarding student loan programs, the Medicare Shared Savings Program, the Food Safety Modernization Act, the Hazardous Waste Act, the Mine Safety and Health Act, the Federal Debt Relief Act, and the Higher Education Act.
Every session of Congress must pass a budget for the United States Government. If a budget is not passed in a given session, it becomes law as a rule. Session laws, if ever passed into law, become law as an executive order. For example, the Fair and Accurate Transaction Act became law in 2021. The same thing happened with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. All of these laws were brought into effect via an executive order.