Laws are the arrangements made by people to govern their conduct in society. It is an institution made by human beings to guarantee justice and a moral code of conduct. Since laws are normally enacted by the individuals themselves, they can never be changed, but they can be affected by other individuals or groups of individuals. For instance, people are influenced by religious beliefs to how they deal with issues like cruelty and are even forced to follow the law according to their beliefs, thus it is said that laws are morally important and have social significance.
Civil law is the area of the law concerned with adjudicating disputes between individuals or groups and determining the legality of action. Civil law is a body of law governed by State law and established by statutory law. It is a body of knowledge dealing exclusively with matters of public concern, such as private rights, property, civil rights, family rights, animal rights and criminal law. There are laws that protect the individual against corporations, government departments, local governments, lawyers, and other agents, all acting in concert to protect the individual.
Within civil law there are two different branches: Federal and State courts. In most State courts, the U.S. Supreme Court is represented by a Supreme Court Justices. Federal courts have lesser number of Justices appointed than the State courts, and federal laws and procedures are generally less protective of individual rights than those found in State courts.
The U.S. Constitution vests in the supreme power of the government, and checks the power of courts by the sovereign power. As long as the Constitution is in existence and is administered properly, the checks and balances necessary to prevent tyranny and injustice cannot be removed or altered. Therefore, over time, the U.S. system of government has consistently moved in the direction of giving greater protection and enforcing more limitations upon the rights of individuals. This has been viewed by the courts as providing more justice to the person and removing the “distraction” from the workings of the legal system. It is this increased justice system which has led to the explosion of law firms specializing in personal injury litigation.
impeaching executives and removing government officials through the procedures of Article II of the Constitution, or removal by way of a trial for impeachable offenses, is one of the fastest ways to advance a case brought forward by an individual who feels wronged by the actions of federal officials, or by any other governmental officials. Impeachment is not a simple process and is fraught with both political and legal minefields. Many of the impeachable offenses required a formal vote of Congress, and therefore, it is for the person challenging these laws to be well-informed in regards to the workings of both the federal government and of the various state governments, both of whom might try to impeach the president or any member of the cabinet.
It is for the individual, then, who is charged under the provisions of the U.S. constitution with having been injured by the violation of his or her rights, or by any act done in disregard of his or her liberties, to bring suit in the courts to remedy the damage done. Many times, these suits are won by the courts, but other times, they fail. When this happens, it is up to the affected individual to either settle the matter outside of the court, or to file a suit in which the court is the plaintiff. The latter method is called inter-plead court action and is much more common than either personal injuries suits or criminal lawsuits. While the two are very different, both provide opportunities for compensation to those who have been injured by others, whether deliberately or unwittingly.